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Kitab Ad Durun Nafis: A Precious Gem of Sufism

Kitab Ad Durun Nafis: A Precious Gem of Sufism

Kitab Ad Durun Nafis (The Precious Pearl) is a book written by Syekh Muhammad Nafis al-Banjari, a prominent Sufi scholar from Banjar, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. The book discusses the unity of Allah's names, attributes, and essence, as well as the stages of spiritual journey (suluk) for the seekers of Allah's pleasure (salik).

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The book was written in Jawi, a modified Arabic script used to write Malay language. It was widely circulated and studied by the ulama (religious scholars) in Southeast Asia, especially in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore. The book was also printed in various countries such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Thailand.

The book consists of 41 pages and is divided into four chapters. The first chapter deals with the obstacles that may hinder the salik from attaining Allah's pleasure, such as ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy, arrogance, and heedlessness. The second chapter explains the levels of knowledge (ma'rifah) of Allah, from the lowest to the highest. The third chapter describes the states (ahwal) and stations (maqamat) of the salik along the path of suluk. The fourth chapter discusses the ultimate goal of suluk, which is annihilation in Allah (fana fillah) and subsistence by Allah (baqa billah).

The book is considered as one of the most important works of Sufism in Malay literature. It reflects the synthesis of various Sufi orders and doctrines that influenced Syekh Muhammad Nafis al-Banjari, such as Shadhiliyyah, Qadiriyyah, Naqshbandiyyah, and Kubrawiyyah. The book also shows the author's mastery of Quranic exegesis, hadith interpretation, theology, jurisprudence, and logic.

The book is available online in PDF format for free download. You can access it by clicking on this link: Kitab Durun Nafis â Buku Permata Yang Indah [^1^]. You can also read more about the author and his other works by visiting this website:

Syekh Muhammad Nafis al-Banjari was born in Martapura, the capital of Banjar Sultanate, in 1735 (1148 H). He came from a noble family that traced its lineage to Sultan Suriansyah, the first Muslim ruler of Banjar who converted from Hinduism. He showed a great talent and intelligence since his childhood, which attracted the attention of the Sultan of Banjar. He was sent to Mecca to study and deepen his religious knowledge under various famous scholars, especially in the fields of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and tasawuf (Sufism).

He spent about 40 years in Mecca, where he also wrote his masterpiece, Ad-Durrun Nafis. He also received ijazah (authorization) from several Sufi orders, such as Shadhiliyyah, Qadiriyyah, Naqshbandiyyah, and Kubrawiyyah. He became one of the most respected and influential Sufi teachers in Mecca, attracting many students from different regions and backgrounds. He also maintained a close relationship with his homeland, sending letters and books to his relatives and followers in Banjar.

He returned to Banjar around 1775 (1189 H), where he continued his teaching and preaching activities. He also participated in the resistance movement against the Dutch colonialism, which had invaded and occupied Banjar since 1787 (1201 H). He was known as a staunch defender of Islam and the rights of the people. He died in Kelua, Tabalong district, in 1812 (1227 H), leaving behind a legacy of knowledge and piety that inspired many generations of Muslims in Southeast Asia. 29c81ba772


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